All posts by Petra

Done it

I regularly publish new articles about the evolution of the football sport on this website.

Nevertheless, there are a number of other publications that I would like to highlight.

I am not only an author, but also a speaker.ย For example,ย I was also the only speaker from Germany to speak at an international symposium on the effects of Corona on sport.

Nachspielzeiten, my German-language blog about the evolution of the football laws (since 2017, ๐Ÿ“, ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช)

How the referee came into play (DFB Referee Newspaper, 04/2020,ย ๐Ÿ“, ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช)

The impact of the corona virus in Germany – reactions of supporters and players with a special focus on women’s football (Global Sport Industry and Coronavirus Symposium, hosted by the Edinburgh Critical Studies in Sport Research Group, 2020, ๐ŸŽฅ,ย ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง, not yet online)

The democratisation of football (Zeitspiel magazine, 2020, ๐Ÿ“, ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช,ย not open access)

HSV (Hi)Story (HSV Talk, 2020, ๐ŸŽ™, ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช)

The boundaries of the game (DFB Referee Newspaper, 02/2020, ๐Ÿ“, ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช)

The History of Football Rule-Making (OutsideWrite, 2020, ๐ŸŽ™, ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง)

Simon Rosenberger – The forgotten pioneer (DFB referee newspaper, 06/2019, ๐Ÿ“, ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช)

The most important episode in German football history (120 minutes, 2019, ๐Ÿ“, ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช)
Part 1: 1870s until 1903
Part 2: 1904 until 1934
Part 3: 1938 until 1968
Part 4: 1970 until 1982
Part 5: 1990 until 2005
Part 6: 2006 until 2018

Episode 18: ‘The roots of modern football’ with Petra Tabarelli (120 minutes, 2018, ๐ŸŽ™, ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช)

From German Empire to Commercialisation: Germany and Modern Football (120 minutes, 2018, ๐Ÿ“, ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช)

From Gentlemen’s to Workers’ Sport: England and Modern Football (120 minutes, 2018, ๐Ÿ“, ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช)

Football substitution โ€“ The real story based on documents


Football substitution is an issue I am currently researching. Although the sources speak a clear language. But there have been many exceptions in football substitution, as match reports show.

I know of exceptions in some countries on the European mainland between the First and Second World Wars. The four British associations also knew about this and tried to press FIFA to comply with the rules first. But in the end (1931) they unofficially let the continental European way continue. It had already become a common law there in the few years it had been in existence, and it was much appreciated.

Whether there were further exceptions on other continents, I will also research. Therefore I am also grateful for photographed or scanned match reports until 1967. ๐Ÿ™๐Ÿป Click here for the “Contact” page.

In this post I give an overview of the development of football substitution as far as I can draw/describe it at the moment.

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Video replay – a short journey through time

video replay

Video replay does not only exist since the introduction of VAR in football. The discussions about the use of technical aids in controversial or unnoticed scenes are already old – soon be 100 years.

A short journey through time on the development of video replay in football

The history of video replay is also a history of the use of photographic, video and television technology and especially the slow motion.

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Modern Football was born in the 19th century

modern football

The birth of modern football in England

Modern football was born in the second half the 19th century.ย The first seed was scattered in 1850 with an extension of the Factory Acts, the Compromise Act. Among other things it introduced the end of work at 2 pm on Saturdays. This gave factory workers free time for the first time.

Football was a sport that cost relatively little money and some factory owners supported the sporting activities of their workers, provided equipment and sometimes paid for trips to away games. A win-win situation, because this way the owners were sure that their workers did not spend their free time lazing around with excessive alcohol consumption and the soccer-loving workers had an alternative – also for miners and their physically and mentally exhausting work underground. There were also many works clubs at the time, some of which still exist today, such as the Dial Square munitions factory (Arsenal FC), the Thames Iron Works (West Ham) or the Newton Heath LYR Company (Manchester United).

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