EPTS is one of the technical possibilities in football, which has been used extensively for a few years. It is a collective term for technical means that transmit performance data and body values of the individual players. Be it the kilometers run, the fitness and other data, which can be tracked.
At this point, we would like to discuss the textual amendments to clarify the handball law in the Laws of the Game 2020/21 in a more understandable way.
The penalty kick in football caused a bit of a furore at the World Cup in the summer of 2019. Now, in consequence, there are minimal changes to the penalty kick as well as the kicks from the penalty mark.
Football substitution is an issue I am currently researching. Although the sources speak a clear language. But there have been many exceptions in football substitution, as match reports show.
I know of exceptions in some countries on the European mainland between the First and Second World Wars. The four British associations also knew about this and tried to press FIFA to comply with the rules first. But in the end (1931) they unofficially let the continental European way continue. It had already become a common law there in the few years it had been in existence, and it was much appreciated.
In this post I give an overview of the development of football substitution as far as I can draw/describe it at the moment.
A short journey through time on the development of video replay in football
The history of video replay is also a history of the use of photographic, video and television technology and especially the slow motion.
The birth of modern football in England
Modern football was born in the second half the 19th century. The first seed was scattered in 1850 with an extension of the Factory Acts, the Compromise Act. Among other things it introduced the end of work at 2 pm on Saturdays. This gave factory workers free time for the first time.
Football was a sport that cost relatively little money and some factory owners supported the sporting activities of their workers, provided equipment and sometimes paid for trips to away games. A win-win situation, because this way the owners were sure that their workers did not spend their free time lazing around with excessive alcohol consumption and the soccer-loving workers had an alternative – also for miners and their physically and mentally exhausting work underground. There were also many works clubs at the time, some of which still exist today, such as the Dial Square munitions factory (Arsenal FC), the Thames Iron Works (West Ham) or the Newton Heath LYR Company (Manchester United).
The offside rule is currently one of the most commonly used words when it comes to football. Why does this rule even exist? What is the meaning of the offside rule? Why is it the way it is today? And since when?
Why don’t we have two referees on the football pitch instead of VAR? This sounds like a plausible idea that is worth thinking about. But it’s not a new idea.
Not new at all
Since the 19th century there have been repeated discussions and attempts to run the game with two referees on the field. Reasons were on the one hand to make the stoppage time for decisions shorter and on the other hand to have a “back-up” to penalise fouls, which neither the referee nor his*her assistant referees noticed during other games.
Football offside – the history started in the public schools of England in the 19th century, when football was a mix of rugby and soccer.
The public schools attended by the sons of the gentlemen took advantage of the football game, among other things, to stay fit in the cooler months. But each of them had its own set of rules. Not everyone mentioned an offside and sometimes the rules were the same.
About the early football rules, Charles William Alcock’s wrote a short piece: The Book of Rules of the Game of Football, here online in a 1871 edition from New York. The well-known footballer of the first decades of the FA republished seven contemporary rules. For most of them it isn’t mentioned when the rules were lastly changed, but for some of them I could trace it back.
These are the rules of early football mentioned:
- FA Rules, 1870
- Sheffield FA Rules, 1869
- Eton Field Game, 1862
- Winchester College, before 1871
- Rugby School, between 1863 and 1870
- Harrow School, before 1871
- Cheltenham College, before 1871.